The eyelid is a thin piece of skin designed to cover the eye. The eyelid also protects the eye from becoming dry and damaged by spreading tears. The eyelid is only able to perform its crucial functions if it is located in the correct position on the eye. If your eyelid is sitting in an abnormal position, then you are suffering from an eyelid malposition. In addition to negatively affecting the appearance, eyelid malpositions can also lead to serious vision issues.
There are different types of eyelid malpositions. An eyelid retraction is a malposition that causes more of your eye to be exposed. The upper eyelid can sit too high on the body, or the lower eyelid can start to droop far lower than normal. Ptosis is a common eyelid malposition that forms when the upper eyelid starts to droop. This can cause your vision field to reduce if the upper eyelid covers up a large portion of the eye.
Entropion occurs when either eyelid starts to turn inward. This eyelid malposition can seriously damage the eye because the eyelashes will start to brush against the cornea. Another common form of eyelid malposition is an ectropion. This occurs when the lower eyelid turns outward. An ectropion makes it impossible for the lower eyelid to cover the eye, so your tears will not be properly distributed. The lack of tear distribution will lead to eye irritation, eye redness and a burning sensation.
Eyelid malpositions are usually caused by the relaxation of the tissues in your eyelid. Your condition can also be caused by a traumatic injury or facial nerve paralysis. Since the tissues in the eyelid start to naturally decline as you get older, there is virtually no way to prevent an eyelid malposition from forming. Getting these conditions treated in a timely manner will help to ensure you avoid any serious vision issues.
The only way to properly treat eyelid malpositions is with surgery. The goal of the surgery is to correct the positioning of the eyelid. This will provide an aesthetically pleasing appearance to the eyelid, restore your vision and eliminate any painful side effects. Once the treated area has fully healed, you should be able to enjoy your fully functioning new eyelid for the rest of your life.