An ophthalmologist is a medical or osteopathic doctor who diagnoses and treats disorders and diseases of the eye. Like many other medical specialties, ophthalmology has its share of subspecialties: glaucoma, cornea, retina, neurology, plastic surgery, and pediatrics. Ophthalmic surgery can be reconstructive or cosmetic. In reconstructive ophthalmic surgery, the surgeon is working to restore the normal function and appearance of a given structure, while cosmetic ophthalmic surgery focuses on improving the patient’s appearance. The two are not mutually exclusive. Blepharoplasty, for example, is a cosmetic ophthalmic procedure done on the eyelids. Drooping upper eyelids not only make the patient look old or tired, but they can also interfere with their vision.
What is Blepharoplasty?
Blepharoplasty is plastic ophthalmic surgery done on the eyelids. It can be done on the upper eyelids, lower eyelids, or both. It can raise drooping upper eyelids and reduce the dark circles or bags beneath the lower eyelids.
What Does Tear Duct Surgery Involve?
Tear duct surgery is a reconstructive ophthalmic procedure done around a blocked tear duct. The doctor can perform a procedure called lacrimal syringing to determine if the patient has a blocked tear duct and where the blockage is. The doctor uses a syringe to pass a saline fluid from one end of the lacrimal apparatus or drainage system to see if it comes out the other end. If it doesn’t, the patient has a blocked tear duct.
In tear duct ophthalmic surgery, more formally known as dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR), the surgeon will make a new route for the tears so they can drain out through the nose like they are supposed to. There are several different techniques, and the doctor will select the one that best suits the patient’s needs.